Fibres

Fibre (or Fiber as an American spelling) is a unit that has a length at least 100 times its diameter, it forms the basic element of fabric and other textile structure. 

Fibres can be natural or man made. Examples of natural fibres are: Cotton, Wool, Silk, and Asbestoes.  Man made fibres examples are: Rayon, Nylon, Aramid, Glass and Carbon.

Fibres can be short (2 – 3 cm) and long (7 – 10 cm) and are called short and long staple fibres, respectively.  They, also, can be continuos and they are called filament. 

 fibres

References:

– M. L. Realff and A. Cascio (2005). Effect of fiber factors on fabric hand. Effect of mechanical and physical properties on fabric hand. H. M. Behery. Cambridge, Woodhead Publishing Limited and CRC Press.

– Hatch, K. L. (1993). Textile Science. Minneapolis, West Publishing Company.

– PD ISO/TR 11827:2012

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