Woven Fabrics

Is a fabric composite of two sets of yarns, warp (Ends) longwise and weft (Filling) crosswise, interlaced in an angle of 90 degree.  Woven fabrics provide strength, flexibility and other properties, and are considered as a supreme method for complex fabrics.

How these two sets are interlaced determines the fabric structure, or the weave.  There are three basic types of weaves Plain, Twill and Satin.  All other weaves can be consider as combinations or a modifications of these basic weaves.


Figure (1): TABBY FABRIC. Also called plain is the simplest design of woven fabrics. The warp yarns pass over and under alternating weft yarns.

Figure (2): DOBBY FABRICS. In these fabrics more complex interlacing between warp yarns and weft yarns in order to achieve more complex designs.

Figure (3): JACQUARD FABRICS. Example of complex woven fabric design, In jacquard fabrics producers have the possibility to control each warp yarn separately.


  1. -Woven textile structure: Theory and applications, 2010.
  2. -Fairchild’s Dictionary of Textiles, 7th Edition, 2007.

Uttu-textiles.com // August 2013 // Issam Yousef

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